People

Vello Pettai is Head of the V-Dem Regional Center, Regional V-Dem Manager for the Baltic states and Professor of Comparative Politics at the Skytte Institute for Political Studies, University of Tartu. Since working as a journalist in Estonia in 1990 and later becoming an academic, he has studied the process of democratic change in the Baltic region for more than 25 years. During that time, he has examined a wide range of democratic institutions in the region, including elections, electoral laws, political parties, parliaments, constitutional courts, coalition governments and political elites. He has also researched overarching processes such as national movements, ethnic politics, and most recently transitional justice. He has been an Estonia country contributor for numerous international monitoring networks including the Economist Intelligence Unit, Freedom House’s Nations in Transit, the Bertelsmann Transformation Index, the European Journal of Political Research’s Political Data Yearbook and the East European Constitutional Review. See his full CV.
Andrey Makarychev is Country Coordinator for Russia within the V-Dem network, and Guest Professor at the Skytte Institute for Political Studies, University of Tartu. His research interests include Russian foreign policy discourses, international security and regionalism in the EU–Russia common neighborhood. For more information, click here.
Lukas Pukelis is Country Coordinator for Lithuania within the V-Dem network. He is a PhD candidate in political science at the Skytte Institute for Political Studies, University of Tartu. A native of Lithuania, he completed his BA studies at Vilnius University and later an MA in Baltic Sea Region Studies at the University of Tartu.
Martin Mölder is a PhD candidate in political science at the Central European University in Budapest. His interest in democracy indices began during his undergraduate studies at the University of Tartu, when he wrote his thesis on comparing existing democracy measures such as Polyarchy, Freedom House and Polity IV. His current research focuses on how we can best think of and measure political differences between parties. See his website for more information